Welcome to 8th Grade

Chapter Includes 

·         01 The Indian Constitution

·         02 Understanding Secularism

·         03 Why Do We Need a Parliament?

·         04 Understanding Laws

·         05 Judiciary

·         06 Understanding Our Criminal Justice System

·         07 Understanding Marginalisation

·         08 What Does it Mean to be Socially Marginalised?

·         09 Public Facilities

 


The exercise of revising the syllabus for Science – or Science and Technology – has been carried out with “Learning without burden” as a guiding light and the position papers of the National Focus Groups as points of reference. The aim is to make the syllabus an enabling document for the creation of textbooks that are interesting and challenging without being loaded with factual information. Overall, science has to be presented as a live and growing body of knowled gerather than a finished product.

Chapter Includes

·         01 CROP PRODUCTIION AND MANAGEMENT

·         02 MIICROORGANIISMS :: FRIIEND AND FOE

·         03 SYNTHETIIC FIIBRES AND PLASTIICS

·         04 MATERIIALS :: METALS AND NON--METALS

·         05 COAL AND PETROLEUM

·         06 COMBUSTIION AND FLAME

·         07 CONSERVATIION OF PLANTS AND ANIIMALS

·         08 CELL — STRUCTURE AND FUNCTIIONS

·         09 REPRODUCTIION IIN ANIIMALS

·         10 REACHIING THE AGE OF ADOLESCENCE

·         11 FORCE AND PRESSURE

·         12 FRIICTIION

·         13 SOUND

·         14 CHEMICAL EFFECTS OF ELECTRIC CURRENT

·         15 SOME NATURAL PHENOMENA

·         16 LIIGHT

·         17 STARS AND THE SOLAR SYSTEM

·         18 POLLUTIION OF AIIR AND WATER

 


Thus, the course would de-emphasise algorithms and remembering of facts, and would emphasise the ability to follow logical steps, develop and understand arguments as well. Also, an overload of concepts and ideas is being avoided. We want to emphasise at this stage fractions, negative numbers, spatial understanding, data handling and variables as important corner stones that would formulate the ability of the child to understand abstract mathematics. There is also an emphasis on developing an understanding of spatial concepts. This portion would include symmetry as well as representations of 3-D in 2-D. The syllabus brings in data handling also, as an important component of mathematical learning. It also includes representations of data and its simple analysis along with the idea of chance and probability.

Chapter Includes 

·         01 Rational Numbers

·         02 Linear Equations in One Variable

·         03 Understanding Quadrilaterals

·         04 Practical Geometry

·         05 Data Handling

·         06 Squares and Square Roots

·         07 Cubes and Cube Roots

·         08 Comparing Quantities

·         09 Algebraic Expressions and Identities

·         10 Visualising Solid Shapes

·         11 Mensuration

·         12 Exponents and Powers

·         13 Direct and Inverse Proportions

·         14 Factorisation

·         15 Introduction to Graphs

·         16 Playing with Numbers