Mathematics (from Greek μάθημα máthēma, "knowledge, study, learning") includes the study of such topics as quantity, structure, space, and change. Mathematicians seek and use patterns to formulate new conjectures; they resolve the truth or falsity of conjectures by mathematical proof. When mathematical structures are good models of real phenomena, then mathematical reasoning can provide insight or predictions about nature. Through the use of abstraction and logic, mathematics developed from counting, calculation, measurement, and the systematic study of the shapes and motions of physical objects. Practical mathematics has been a human activity from as far back as written records exist. The research required to solve mathematical problems can take years or even centuries of sustained inquiry.


Chapters Included

·         01 REAL NUMBERS

·         02 POLYNOMIALS

·         03 PAIR OF LINEAR EQUATIONS IN TWO VARIABLES

·         04 QUADREATIC EQUATIONS

·         05 Arithmetic progressions

·         06 TRIANGLES

·         07 COORDINATE GEOMETRY

·         08 INTRODUCTION TO TRIGONOMETRY

·         09 SOME APPLICATIONS OF TRIGONOMETRY

·         10 CIRCLES

·         11 CONSTRUCTIONS

·         12 AREAS RELATED TO CIRCLES

·         13 SURFACE AREAS AND VOLUMES

·         14 STATISTICS

·         15 PROBABILITY

 

 

·         01 Chemical Reactions and Equations

·         02 Acids, Bases and Salts

·         03 Metals and Non-metals

·         04 Carbon and its Compounds

·         05 Periodic Classification of Elements

·         06 Life Processes

·         07 Control and Coordination

·         08 How do Organisms Reproduce?

·         09 Heredity and Evolution

·         10 Light – Reflection and Refraction

·         11 The Human Eye and the Colourful World

·         12 Electricity

·         13 Magnetic Effects of Electric Current

·         14 Sources of Energy

·         15 Our Environment

·         16 Management of Natural Resources

 


·         01 Power sharing

·         02 Federalism

·         03 Democracy and Diversity

·         04 Gender, Religion and Caste

·         05 Popular Struggles and Movements

·         06 Political Parties

·         07 Outcomes of Democracy

·         08 Challenges to Democracy

 


·         01 The Rise of Nationalism in Europe

·         02 The Nationalist Movement in Indo-China

·         03 Nationalism in India

·         04 The Making of a Global World

·         05 The Age of Industrialisation

·         06 Work, Life and Leisure Cities in the Contemporary World

·         07 Print Culture and the Modern World

·         08 Novels, Society and History

 


·         01 Rsources and Development

·         02 Forest and Wild Life Resources

·         03 Water Reources

·         04 Agriculture

·         05 MINERALS AND ENERGY RESOURCES

·         06 MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES

·         07 LIFELINES OF NATIONAL ECONOMY

 


·         01 DEVELOPMENT

·         02 SECTORS OF THE INDIAN ECONOMY

·         03 MONEY AND CREDIT

·         04 GLOBALISATION AND THE INDIAN ECONOMY

·         05 CONSUMER RIGHTS